線上英文學習 英文基礎文法

基礎英文文法-Lesson 15《動名詞》

動名詞(V-ing)
動名詞當「主詞」用時,用法與不定詞一致,動詞用單數。
exam­ple: Col­lect­ing stamps is my hob­by. (集郵是我的嗜好)

當「受詞」用時
使用動名詞當受詞的動詞:
enjoy, fin­ish, keep, prac­tice, quit, spend, give up等→也就是這些字後面若要加動詞,一定要使用動名詞
exam­ple: I enjoy going hik­ing every sum­mer.  (我喜愛每年暑假去健行)
She fin­ished doing her home­work. (她作業寫完了)
You spend too much time play­ing com­put­er games.  (你花太多時間玩電腦遊戲了)

另外,可以同時用不定詞和動名詞當作受詞的動詞有love, like, hate,兩者意思相同
exam­ple: I love to play tennis.
=I love play­ing ten­nis. (我喜愛打網球)

注意!動名詞的否定用法為not + Ving

exam­ple: I prac­tice not feel­ing ner­vous when I make a speech. (我練習在演講時不要緊張)
這裡常常會誤用為I prac­tice don’t feel ner­vous when I make a speech. 這種語法是錯誤的喔!

後面要加動名詞的介系詞片語­wor­ry about/ feel like/ think of 等
注意!其實只要是看到介系詞後面要加動詞時大部分都得加動名詞
exam­ple: I don’t feel like danc­ing. (我不想跳舞)
He is wor­ry­ing about not know­ing how to do the work. (他正煩惱著不知道如何做這事)

問意見的句型 「What/ How about + Ving? 」 
exam­ple: What about going din­ner with us? (跟我們去吃晚餐如何?)
How about tak­ing the MRT?  (搭捷運如何?)

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